Services Overview

Post-Tensioning In Building Structures

Post-tensioning is a method of reinforcing concrete or other construction materials with high-strength steel strands/wires/cables generally known as tendons, applications include office and apartment buildings, parking structures, slabs-on-ground, bridges, sports stadiums, rock and soil anchors, and water-tanks. The advantages of post-tensioning brings to a structure include large span, column free floor spaces and also reduces the amount of conventional reinforcement and concrete required thus delivering a more adoptable and environmentally friendly solution.



In 1872, P.H.Jackson (Billington, 2004), a Northern California Engineer, obtained a patent for post-tensioning.

In 1888 by C.W.doehring, who obtained a patent in Germany for pre-stressing slabs with metal wires/cables.

In 1940 Egene freyssinet introduced the system comprised of conical wedge anchors for 12 wire tendons.

In 1950s the post-tensioning is introduced in building structures in India.

In 1963, by T.Y.Lin come up with the load balancing which is a basics form of load balancing allows the engineer to view the effects of post-tensioning as a reduction in the desigh dead load applied to slab. As explained below


Why Post-Tensioning ?

Post-tensioning is the slab reinforcement process of choice for slab-on-ground, elevated slab applications and many more. This engineered solution creates cast-in-place, pre-stressed concrete by reinforcing the foundation after the concrete has been placed.

In post-tension construction, tendons are placed prior to concrete placement, and once the concrete reaches a specific initial compressive strength, the tendons are stressed to a specified force and anchored.

Post-Tensioning enhances concrete strength under both compressive and tensile stresses.

Post-tensioning external compressive force makes the concrete more resistant to the tensile stresses that would otherwise cause a foundation to pull apart and crack.


Post-tensioning offers number of advantages.

  • Greater flexibility of design,
  • Lower lifetime cost of the structure.
  • Adaptability to most soil conditions.
  • Reinforcement for a variety of applications.
  • LEED points for green building initiatives.

Reinforced Concrete vs. Pre-stressed Concrete





Floor System and Suitable Arrangement for Slab

Floor System Span Range
Flate Plate 7-10 MTR
Flat Slab With Drops 8-12 MTR
Beam Slab 8-16 MTR
Beam Waffle Slab 10-20 MTR

Why VHPT SYSTEM Post Tension?

What sets VHPT Post-Tension apart from other PT specialists are our breadth and scope of services, our commitment to excellence, and our strong, national presence.


VHPT Post-Tension is:

  • The only national post-tension specialist with locations placed strategically across the PAN India to ensure a secure supply of product for our customers.
  • The largest provider of bonded post-tension materials in Gujarat, with the post-tension service expertise to match.
  • A trusted resource for all kinds of post-tensioning services, including supply, design and even installation in select markets.
  • An expert in foundation engineering, with registered professional engineers that can optimize foundation design to make the most efficient use of resources.
  • PAN India leader in quality, on-time delivery and competitive pricing.
  • Committed to excellence, with jobsite technicians that are highly trained and experienced in the placement and support services of post-tensioning materials.


Our Safety Commitment:


  • At VHPT Post-Tension, safety is always our top priority. Our safety program teams up employees to create accountability partnerships that promote safety awareness and prioritize safety procedures.
  • VHPT Post-Tension rewards teams that meet safety standards through a safety incentive program, and our in-house safety director is charged with monitoring the safety of each facility and job site...


Experience the VHPT Post-Tension Difference:


  • Through innovative engineering, a flexible approach tailored to meeting our clients' needs, and a commitment to providing the highest quality materials and services in the industry, VHPT Post-Tension has earned its status as the post-tension supplier of choice for builders across PAN India.

Benefits Of Post Tensioned In Building Structure -

Post tensioning permits longer span than conventional reinforced concrete. Large column free floor areas provide flexibility for internal planning and space utilization.

Two-way post tensioning flat slabs dispense with the requirement for drop beams, providing enhanced flexibility for space partitioning and for the placing of service networks. (HVAC, electrical, sanitary etc..)

The design of post tensioned flat slabs can cope with irregular grids and curved floor plates. Tendons can easily be profiled horizontally to suit any layout geometry or to allow for openings in slabs.

Pre stressing with appropriate tendon profiling and resultant load balancing effects enables reduced slab thickness. Maximum ceiling services are available for horizontal services.

The simple concept of post tensioned slabs has a reduced amount of ordinary reinforcement and flexibility in the positioning of openings and inserts for services.
Little coordination is required between designers for this purpose, and late modifications can be implemented without detriment to the initial structural and architectural design.

By varying the amount of balanced post tensioning force, the designer is able to control deflection under service loads.

The concerns about the demolition or alterations of post tensioned slabs have been dispelled in recent years. Knockout zones can be easily identified for future service penetrations. Tried and tested methods are available to enable large openings to be formed subsequently in as built slab conditions, particularly for bonded slabs.

Due to minimal need for drop beams and the reduced slab thickness, minimum storey height is achieved, leading to a lower overall building height.
In situations where the height of the building is limited, the reduced storey height can allow for additional floors to be constructed within the building envelope. The reduced façade area, as well as the vertical runs of mechanical and electrical systems sees cost benefits.

Post tensioned floors being in compression, allow for easier control of cracking. If appropriate design criteria are applied, crack-free construction can be achieved. This is often exploited in car parks with concrete surfaces exposed to an aggressive environment. With reduced cracking and better water tightened the durability of the structure is improved.


Types of Post Tensioning


Bounded Post-tensioning

Bonded post-tensioned concrete is a method of applying compression after pouring concrete and during the curing process (in situ). The concrete is cast around a plastic/steel/aluminum circular/flat duct. A group of tendons/wires/cables are fished through the duct circular/flat and the concrete is poured, Once the concrete has hardened, the tendons are tensioned by hydraulic jacks that react (push) against the concrete member itself. When the tendons have stressed sufficiently, according to the design specifications, they are wedged in position and maintain tension after the jacks is removed; transferring pressure to the concrete, then duct is grouted to protect the tendons from corrosion.



Advantage of Bounded Post-tensioning System


  • Large reduction in conventional reinforcement.
  • Tendons cannot distress in accidents.
  • Tendons can be easily 'introduced' allowing a more efficient design approach.
  • Bond generated b/w the strand and concrete leads higher ultimate stress.
  • No issues with maintaining the integrity of the anchor/dead end.


Un-bonded Post-tensioning System


Un-bonded post-tensioned system varies from bonded post-tensioning system by providing each individual cable coated with grease (generally lithium based) and covered by a plastic sheathing, after concreting the stressing is processed.



Advantage of Bounded Post-tensioning System



  • Reduces friction losses
  • Grouting not required
  • Smaller diameter
  • Provides greater lever arm
  • Simplifies prefabrications of tendons
  • Faster Construction

Disadvantages of Un-bonded over Bonded Post-tensioning system:

"Cable can de-stress itself and burst out of the slab if damaged (such as during repair on the slab)"


Components Of Post-Tensioning

Bonded System




Applications of Post-tensioning system in building construction:

  • Flat slab
  • Beam and slab
  • Podium slabs in low rise building
  • Transfer plates
  • Raft foundation
  • Ground support slab in industrial areas
  • Restore geometry in seismic frames

Factors Affecting the Cost of Post-tensioning

  • Tendon Lengths
  • Tendon Arrangement
  • Structural System
  • Treatment of Construction Joints
  • Main Contractor
  • Site Access